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Copyright is as important as the discovery of relativity in physics: Achille Forler, Advisor, IPRS

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The moment you publish your work as an artist, the first thing you don’t want to deal with but end up dealing with because it’s the most important thing in an artist’s life is to have a copyright of your published work. Whether you’re a musician, a writer, a poet or a photographer, having a copyright of the work you have done protects you from lots of issues that one definitely has no eagerness to face.  So, the Copyright Act formed in 1957 governs the subject of copyright law in India. Since then it has been amended six times. The most recent amendment happened in 2012.

Copyright is a bundle of rights given by the law to the creators of literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works and the producers of cinematograph films and sound recordings. The rights provided under Copyright law include the rights of reproduction of the work, communication of the work to the public, adaptation of the work and translation of the work. The scope and duration of protection provided under copyright law vary with the nature of the protected work. Under the Copyright Act, there are four sections in which it is divided. Those sections deal with different forms of the art and protect the privacy of their content.

Let us introduce you to the registered copyright societies in India.

Indian Performing Rights Society Limited:

IPRS is the most renowned one among the four. It deals with all kinds of issues related to music. The business of IPRS is to issue Licences to users of music and collect Royalties from them, for and on behalf of its Members i.e. the Authors, the Composers and the Publishers of Music and distribute this Royalty amongst them after deducting its administrative costs.

Address:  208, Golden Chambers, 2nd Floor, New Andheri Link Road, Andheri (W), Mumbai- 400058
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Phonographic Performance Limited:

Made for the issues related to sound recording, the Phonographic Performance Ltd. (PPL) owns, as assignee, and exclusively controls public performance rights and radio broadcasting rights in more than 7 lakh songs (sound recordings) in Hindi, Telugu, Tamil, Bengali, Punjabi, Marathi, Malayalam, Bhojpuri and other Indian languages, including both film and non-film songs such as ghazals, devotional, folk, pop, classical, etc, of its more than 250 members, who are music labels.All licences granted and issued by PPL are non-exclusive, conditional and for limited purpose and period. There is no transfer of effective title, control, possession or custody or ‘right to use’ of copyrights, which vests solely with the owner.

Address: Crescent Tower, 7th Floor, Off New Link Road, Andheri (West), Mumbai 400 053.
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India Reprographic Rights Organization:

IRRO licences organizations to copy and re-use extracts from print and digital publications on behalf of the copyright owners – authors, publishers and visual artists. By copying we mean photocopying, scanning and re-use of content from magazines, books, journals, electronic and online publications, as well as press cuttings or documents supplied by a licensed third party. Our licences provide a cost-effective way to manage the risk associated with using and reproducing copyright materials.

Address: Indian Reprographic Rights Organization (IRRO), 18/1-C, Institutional Area, Near JNU Campus, New Delhi – 110067
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Indian Singers Rights Association:

The Copyright Act, 1957 which was amended last year came into effect from 21 June 2012. The amendments were historic in a way that they amended the provision regarding ‘Performers’ to protect their interests in line with India’s international commitments. The ‘Performers Right’ is a newly born right, however, composers, songwriters, producers and music companies need not worry as the rights for both are entitled to economic benefits from the commercial use of the performance.

Address: 2208, Lantana, Nahar Amrit Shakti, Chandivali, Andheri(E), Mumbai400072.
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